On February 16, 1923, British scientist Howard Carter was the first person in more than 3000 years to set foot on the floor of the room containing Tutankhamun’s sarcophagus. The tomb was discovered on November 4, 1922, by the British archaeologist and specialist in the history of ancient Egypt, Carter, when he was excavating at the entrance to the tunnel leading to the tomb of King Ramses IV in the Valley of the Kings.
He noticed the presence of a large cellar and continued to carefully excavate until he entered the room that contained the ark of Tutankhamun, and on the walls of the room containing the coffin were wonderful drawings in the form of pictures that told the story of the king’s departure to the world of the dead, and this discovery caused a wide media sensation in the world, given To reach the tomb of the pharaoh, complete with its contents, and with all its decorations of necklaces, rings, crown and sticks, all of pure gold and ebony.
Carter noticed the presence of a wooden box with inscriptions inlaid with gold in the center of the room, and when he lifted the box, he noticed that the box was covering a second box and then a third box. When he lifted this stone cover, he reached the main golden sarcophagus, which was in the form of a statue of Tutankhamun. This golden sarcophagus covered two other golden sarcophagi in the form of statues of the young pharaoh. Inside the tomb, 3,500 artifacts were found distributed in the different rooms.
It gives us an idea of the way of life in the royal palace, where I found Tutankhamun’s clothes, gold ornaments, fabrics, a large number of scarabs, and statues, as well as bowls, decorative items and incense. Also found were pieces of furniture, chairs, oil lamps, toys, food and drink stocks, gold and pottery vessels, chariots (which were drawn by horses) and military equipment. Despite its enormous wealth, Tutankhamun’s tomb number 62 in the Valley of the Kings is very modest in size and architectural design compared to other tombs at this site due to Tutankhamun’s accession to the throne at a very young age and reigning for only nine years.