31

Jul
2018

7 things amazing about tutankhamun

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7 things amazing about tutankhamun ,King Tutankhamen (or Tutankhamun) ruled Egypt as pharaoh for 10 years

until his death at age 19, around 1324 B.C. .

He was barely known to the modern world until 1922, Howard Carter when discovered Tutankhamun’s near-intact tomb in the Valley of the Kings.

The king’s mummified body was found which had remained sealed for more than 3,200 years.

surrounded by precious grave goods , in his golden coffin, after his burial chamber was officially opened on 17 February 1923 and quickly made King Tut the world’s most famous pharaoh.

Tutankhamun was born in c1334 BC, possibly at Amarna, the city of his father, Akhenaten .

Tutankhamun’s mummy shows that he died when he was approximately 18 years old, but it is not known exactly how he died.

Obvious damage to Tutankhamun’s chest and legs suggest an accident – perhaps a chariot or hunting accident, or death on the battlefield. Others have suggested that Tutankhamun may have been murdered.

Amazing 7 things about Tutankhamun (probably) you didn’t know

Here, historian Joyce Tyldesley brings you 8 lesser-known facts about Tutankhamun


1: His original name was not Tutankhamun

Tutankhamun was originally named Tutankhaten.

This name, which literally means “living image of the Aten”, reflected the fact that Tutankhaten’s parents worshipped a sun god known as “the Aten”.

After a few years on the throne the young king changed his religion, abandoned the Aten, and started to worship the god Amun [who was revered as king of the gods].

This caused him to change his name to Tutankhamun, or “living image of Amun”.

Tutankhamun was not, however, the name by which his people knew him. Like all of Egypt’s kings, Tutankhamun actually had five royal names.

These took the form of short sentences that outlined the focus of his reign.

Officially, he was:

(1) Horus Name: Image of births
(2) Two Ladies Name: Beautiful of laws who quells the Two Lands/who makes content all the gods
(3) Golden Horus Name: Elevated of appearances for the god/his father Re
(4) Prenomen: Nebkheperure
(5) Nomen: Tutankhamun

His last two names, known today as the prenomen and the nomen, are the names that we see written in cartouches (oval loops) on his monuments.

We know him by his nomen, Tutankhamun. His people, however, knew him by his prenomen, Nebkheperure, which literally translates as “[the sun god] Re is the lord of manifestations”.


2:Tutankhamun has the smallest royal tomb in the Valley of the Kings

The first pharaohs built highly conspicuous pyramids in Egypt’s northern deserts.

However, by the time of the New Kingdom (1550–1069 BC), this fashion had ended.

Most kings were now buried in relative secrecy in rock-cut tombs tunnelled into the Valley of the Kings on the west bank of the Nile at the southern city of Thebes (modern-day Luxor).

These tombs had inconspicuous doors, but were both spacious and well decorated inside.

Cemeteries carried their own potent magic, and dead kings were thought to have powerful spirits that might benefit others.

Burial amongst his ancestors would have helped Tutankhamun to achieve his own afterlife.

It therefore seems likely that Tutankhamun would have wished to be buried in a splendid tomb in either the main valley or in an offshoot, the Western Valley, where his grandfather, Amenhotep III, was buried.

But, whatever he may have had intended, we know that Tutankhamun was actually buried in a cramped tomb cut into the floor of the main valley.

It may be that Tutankhamun simply died too young to complete his ambitious plans.

His own tomb was unfinished, and so he had to be buried in a substitute, non-royal tomb.

However, this seems unlikely, as other kings managed to build suitable tombs in just two or three years.

It seems far more likely that Tutankhamun’s successor, Ay, a king who inherited the throne as an elderly man, made a strategic swap.

Just four years after Tutankhamun’s death, Ay himself was buried in a splendid tomb in the Western Valley, close by the tomb of Amenhotep III.

The unexpectedly small size of Tutankhamun’s tomb has led to recent suggestions that there may be parts as yet undiscovered.

Currently Egyptologists are investigating the possibility that there may be secret chambers hidden behind the plastered wall of his burial chamber.

Tutankhamun, also spelled Tutankhamen and Tutankhamon, original name Tutankhaten, byname King Tut, (flourished 14th century bce), king of ancient Egypt (reigned 1333–23 bce), known chiefly for his intact tomb, KV 62 (tomb 62), discovered in the Valley of the Kings in 1922.

During his reign, powerful advisers restored the traditional Egyptian religion and art,

both of which had been set aside by his predecessor Akhenaton, who had led the “Amarna revolution ’’     

 


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