5 Interesting things about Ramesses ii The Great Egyptian Pharaoh
also known as Ramesses the Great, was the third pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt.
He is often regarded as the greatest, most celebrated, and most powerful pharaoh of the New Kingdom.
Interesting things about The Great Egyptian Pharaoh
(1) : He was made Prince Regent when he was fourteen
Born around 1303 BC, Ramses II was the son of Pharaoh Seti I and his wife Queen Tuya.
By the time Seti I became pharaoh, Egypt had lost several provinces in the north to the Hittites of Anatolia.
To reclaim those provinces Seti I waged war against the Hittites and was partly successful.
From an early age Ramses accompanied his father on his military campaigns and when he was fourteen he was appointed Prince Regent by his father.
After the death of Seti I in 1279 BC, Ramses II ascended the throne becoming the third pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt.
(2) :He signed the first known international peace treaty
In the eighth and ninth years of his reign, Ramses II again led military campaigns against the Hittite and successfully captured the cities of Dapur and Tunip,
reaching where no Egyptian pharaoh had been since Thutmose III,
almost 120 years ago. However Egypt couldn’t retain possession of the cities.
Skirmishes with the Hittites continued till 1258 BC when an official peace treaty was established between Ramses II and Hattusili III,
the then king of the Hittites.
It is the earliest international peace treaty known to historians.
(3) : Impact Ramses the Great had on the artwork of his day.
(a) Pi-Ramesses was the new capital built by the Nineteenth Dynasty Pharaoh Ramesses II (1279–1213 BC) at Qantir new site in the eastern Delta, near the old site of Avaris .
The city had served as a summer palace under Seti I (c. 1290–1279 BC), and may have been founded by Ramesses I (c. 1292–1290 BC) while he served under Horemheb .
The reason the shift in capital was most probably that it was much closer to the Egyptian vassal states in Asia and to the border with the hostile Hittite empire.
Pi-Ramesses went on to become one of the largest cities in ancient Egypt and flourished for a century after the death of Ramses II.
(B) Abydos – Another ancient city, Abydos (known for its mythological inscriptions) was used by Ramses II to record the history of his reign and that of his ancestors,
providing a wealth of knowledge for future generations on the accomplishments of these pharaohs.
(4) : Ramses II’s Mummy
Ramses II was buried in the Valley of Kings, but had to be replaced because of looting.
After a detour, his mummy was moved to tomb DB320, located near Deir el-Bahri,
where it would be safe from tomb robbers.
In 1881 his body was discovered there and moved to Cairo’s Egyptian Museum.
The mummy learns us Ramses II was rather short for an ancient Egyptian: 5ft7 (170cm).
It also shows us his hooked nose and wounds and fractures incurred in battle.
In 1974 the mummy was transported to Paris because it needed treatment for a fungal infection.
(5) : He is known as Ramses the Great
Ramses II led several other military campaigns and enjoyed many outright victories.
He was a famous warrior and popular ruler.
He was able to secure peace with the Hittites and maintain Egyptian borders.
Ramses II also built numerous monuments and Egypt became prosperous and powerful during his reign. Such was his impact that nine more pharaohs took the name Ramses in his honour.
His name and his exploits on the battlefield were found everywhere in Egypt.
He is thus known as Ramses the Great.